Apple trees originated in central Asia; they were brought to North America by European settlers in the 1600s. These fruits thrive in temperate climates because they need a period of cold and dormancy in order to prosper; therefore, they are not cultivated in tropical climates. Apples are in the Rosaceae (rose) family, along with almonds, cherries, peaches, pears, plums, raspberries, and strawberries.
- In 1905, the U.S. Department of Agriculture published a 400 page book listing more than 14,000 distinct types of apples grown in the United States.
- The only apples native to North America are crab apples.
- Apple trees must cross-pollinate in order to produce fruit; therefore, they need to be planted within approximately 100 feet of another cultivated apple tree variety, crab apple tree, or wild apple tree.
- Johnny Appleseed’s real name was John Chapman. He started several different tree nurseries and sold apple trees to other white settlers who were heading west.
- One bushel of apples produces about 3 gallons of cider.
- Apples are a good source of potassium, vitamin C, and fiber.